Oil and the Seven Sisters: Part 1

Don’t believe in conspiracy theories?

Maybe, like me, you’ve been living in a dream world. A world where the Western democracies are actually democratic and our politicians aren’t corrupt and where the rich not only understand the trickle down theory, but also practise it.

You’ve been had. Welcome to the 99%.

Secrets of the Seven Sisters: Desert Storms and Fortunes

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Next episode coming soon.

The Story of Stuff

Annie Leonard’s been thinking …

Click on the play button to watch Annie’s enlightening, entertaining and disturbing movie.

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The video which resulted from Annie’s deliberations is a must see for everyone who’d like to keep our planet viable. It’s a must-see even if you don’t give a stuff about the planet but you still need an excuse to get off the madcap consumer roller coaster.

How did big business create a system that puts consumer products on the shelf for a fraction of their actual cost? We’ve all wondered about it. Annie went to find out and it changed her life.

She will tell you how this obscene system started, how it functions, and why—one way or another—it cannot last. She’ll tell you the real cost of our addiction to stuff and why your grandchildren will pay for it tomorrow just as the world’s poor are paying for it right now.

Please visit Annie and The Story of Stuff

Click right here to go to the Story of Stuff website.

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Annie

Coming soon to a planet near you…

The blue marble… chaos.

The dissenting voices in the Climate Change Debate are fading. Now that even renowned intellectual George Dubbya has bowed to the inevitable, the scientific community is near unanimous in their overall acceptance. There are enormous problems ahead. Even if global warming wasn’t being caused by our profligate ways, it still exists and the problems will still arise.

If we started tomorrow doing everything right, the warming trend will continue for decades anyway, just not as quickly. We aren’t going to do everything right. The global economy, economic growth in newly emerging economies and population growth have so much momentum that the root causes are just going to keep on growing. Nobody understands that continual growth is not an option.

Here’s where it gets nasty

The scientific community have been hiding their lamps under bushels. The IPCC report played down a lot of the bad news under political pressure and because there was no hard evidence for some of the positive feedback mechanisms that could lead to an imminent tipping point and to more rapid growth of greenhouse gas emissions.

Examples:

  • The ice caps are high albedo areas, i.e. reflective, they reflect a high proportion of solar radiation straight back into space. As the ice caps shrink, and they’re doing just that much more quickly than predicted, the exposed dark sea water and land is much more absorbent of heat.
  • The same applies to snow lines.
  • As the permafrost melts in Siberia and elsewhere, methane starts to be produced in the resulting bogs and enters the atmosphere. Methane is about 25 times more effective as a greenhouse gas than CO2.
  • Methane release is already happening.

The upshot?

As warming continues, the amount of water evaporation will lead to more water vapour in the atmosphere. Sadly, water vapour is also a greenhouse gas. There will be more rainfall. Sadly again, it won’t be in the same places as it is now. It won’t be right places. The current bread baskets of the world will be drier. The North American mid-West and Canadian prairies, the ex Soviet Republics, the Mediterranean basin, southern Africa and Australia where it’s already started and the mid-latitudes of South America. The world’s food producing areas will move towards the poles. In some cases and for some crops this will be a good thing, overall however we will produce less food.

A lot less. The population is increasing. You work it out.

When there isn’t enough food to go around, those of us sitting in productive and low population density areas like New Zealand will have reason to feel very nervous. If you’re starving in Bangladesh or Indonesia and there’s a big chunk of productive land down south with a tiny population and no significant defences what are you going to do?

There will be hundreds of millions of refugees. It’s time for Australia and New Zealand to do a bit of co-operative planning. It’s time for New Zealand to reverse our short sighted, stupid, selfish attitude to defence spending.

What happens when the snow melt in the big mountain ranges is drastically reduced? What effect will reduced flow in the Ganges have on India, Bangladesh and Pakistan? The Yellow River? The Mekong? the Yangtse?

Bit of a worry.

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Climate Change: Panic in the Trenches

Dr Gwynne Dyer PhDPublished with permission from Dr Gwynne Dyer

It’s an old joke: everybody talks about the weather, but nobody does anything about it. The same, unfortunately, is true for the climate.

They ARE talking about it. They were at it again in Honolulu last week, discussing mandatory, internationally binding commitments on greenhouse gas emissions (although Russia and India refused to allow any mention of that subject in the final statement). At the Bali meeting in December, China even hinted that it might consider something like binding emission caps in the long run. But there is no sense of urgency.

Not, at least, the sense of urgency that would be required to take actions that would invalidate the prediction, in the latest issue of the journal “Science”, that climate change may cost southern Africa more than 30 percent of its main crop, maize (corn, mealies), by 2030. No part of the developing world can lose one-third of its main food crop without descending into desperate poverty and violence.

Even some parts of the developed world would be in deep trouble at that point. One part of the developed world, Australia, is already in trouble, with its farmers facing what may be a permanent decline in the country’s ability to grow food, although Australia’s overall wealth is great enough to cushion the blow. But elsewhere, the mentality of “It can’t happen here” persists.

Over the past couple of years, due to a major shift in public opinion, we have arrived at something close to a global consensus that climate change is a major problem. Even George W. Bush now says that he is concerned about it. But there is no consensus on the best measures to deal with the problem, even among the experts, and the general public still does not grasp the urgency of the situation.

The two Democratic candidates for the presidency in the United States promise 80 percent cuts in emissions by 2050, and John McCain for the Republicans promises 50 percent cuts by the same date, and nobody points out that such a leisurely approach, applied in every country, condemns the world to a global temperature regime at least three or four degrees Celsius (5.5 to 7 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than today.

Nobody points out that those are average global temperatures which take into account the relatively cool air over the oceans, and that temperatures over land would be a good deal higher than that. Few people are aware that these higher temperatures will prevent pollination in many major food crops in parts of the world that are already so hot that they are near the threshold, and that this, combined with shifting rainfall patterns, will cause catastrophic losses in food production.

And hardly anybody says that it is going to get really bad as early as 2030 unless we get global emissions down by 80 percent by 2020, because “everybody knows” that that is politically impossible, and nobody wants to look like a fool. So we must just hope that physics and chemistry will wait until we are ready to respond.

But here is a bulletin from the front. Over the past few weeks, in several countries, I have interviewed a couple of dozen senior scientists, government officials and think-tank specialists whose job is to think about climate change on a daily basis. And NOT ONE of them believes the forecasts on global warming issued by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change just last year. They think things are moving much faster than that.

The IPCC’s predictions in the 2007 report were frightening enough. Across the six scenarios it considered, it predicted “best estimate” rises in average global temperature of between 1.8 and 4.0 degrees Celsius (3.2 and 7.2 degrees F) by the end of the 21st century, with a maximum change of 6.4 degrees Celsius (11.5 degrees F) in the “high scenario”. But the thousands of peer-reviewed scientific papers that the IPCC examined in order to reach those conclusions dated from no later than early 2006, and most relied on data from several years before that.

It could not be otherwise, but it means that the IPCC report took no notice of recent indications that the warming has accelerated dramatically. While it was being written, for example, we were still talking about the possibility of the Arctic Ocean being ice-free in late summer by 2042. Now it’s 2013.

Nor did the IPCC report attempt to incorporate any of the “feedback” phenomena that are suspected of being responsible for speeding up the heating, like the release of methane from thawing permafrost. Worst of all, there is now a fear that the “carbon sinks” are failing, and in particular that the oceans, which normally absorb half of the carbon dioxide that is produced each year, are losing their ability to do so.

Maybe the experts are all wrong. Here in the present, out ahead of the mounds of data that pile up in the rear-view mirror and the studies that will eventually get published in the scientific journals, there are only hunches to go on. But while the high-level climate talks pursue their stately progress towards some ill-defined destination, down in the trenches there is an undercurrent of suppressed panic in the conversations. The tipping points seem to be racing towards us a lot faster than people thought.